Welcome!

IBM Cloud Authors: Elizabeth White, Yeshim Deniz, Pat Romanski, Liz McMillan, Carmen Gonzalez

Related Topics: Microservices Expo, Microsoft Cloud, Containers Expo Blog, Agile Computing, Cloud Security

Microservices Expo: Blog Feed Post

Context Aware Data Privacy | Part 2

So you need to protect your data at rest

If you missed my Part 1 of this article, you can read it here when you get a chance (link).

As a continuation to part 1, where I discussed the issues with Data Protection, we will explore how to solve some of those issues in this article.

People tend to forget that hackers are attacking your systems for one reason only –  DATA. You can spin that any way you want, but at the end of the day, they are not attacking your systems to see how you configured your workflow or how efficiently you processed your orders. They could care less. They are looking for the golden nuggets of information that either they can either resell or use to gain some other kind of monetary advantage. Your files, databases, data in transit, storage data, archived data, etc. are all vulnerable and will be of value to the hacker.

Gone are the old days when someone was sitting in mom’s basement and hacking into US military systems to boast about their ability amongst a small group of friends. Remember Wargames,  the movie?  Modern day hackers are very sophisticated, well-funded, often in for-profit organizations, and are backed by either big organized cyber gangs or by other entities within their respective organizations.

So you need to protect your data at rest (regardless of how the old data is – as a matter of fact, the older the data, the chances are, they are less protected), data in motion (going from somewhere to somewhere – whether it is between processes, services, between enterprises, or into/from the cloud or to storage), data in process/usage. You need to protect your data with your life.

Let us closely examine the things I said in my last blog (Part 1 of this blog), the things that are a must for a cloud data privacy solution.

More importantly, let us examine the elegance of our data privacy gateways (code named: Intel ETB – Expressway Tokenization Broker) that can help you with this costly, scary, mind-numbing experience go easily and smoothly. Here are the following elements that are embedded in our solution that are going to make your problem go away sooner.

1. Security of your sensitive message processing device
As they say, Caesar’s wife must be above suspicion (did you know Caesar divorced his wife in 62 BC). What is the point of having a security device that inspects your crucial traffic, if it can’t be trusted? You need to put in a solution/devices where a vendor  can make assertions regarding security and have the necessary certifications  to back up those claims. This means that a third party validation agency should have tested the solution and certified it to be ‘kosher enough’ for an enterprise, data center or cloud location. The certification must include FIPS 140-2 Level 3, CC EAL 4+, DoD PKI, STIG vulnerability tested, NIST SP 800-21, and support for HSM, etc. The validation must come from recognized authorities, not just from the vendor.

2. Support for multiple protocols
When you are looking to protect your data, it is imperative that you choose a solution that not only can handle the HTTP/ HTTPS/ SOAP, JSON, AJAX and REST protocols. In addition, you need to consider whether the solution supports all standard protocols known to the enterprise/cloud, with “Legacy” protocols such as JMS, MQ, EMS, FTP, TCP/IP (and secure versions of all of the above) and JDBC. More importantly, you also need to determine whether the solution can speak industry standard protocols natively such as SWIFT, ACORD, FIX, HL-7, MLLP, etc. You also need to look at whether or not the solution has the capability of supporting  other custom protocols that you might have. The solution you are looking at should give you the flexibility of inspecting your ingress and egress traffic regardless of how your traffic flows.

3. Able to read into anything
This is an interesting concept. I was listening to one of our competitor’s webcasts… there was complete silence when what appeared to be a dreaded question, was asked of the person speaking on behalf of that company: “How do you help me protect  a specific format of data that I use in transactions with a partner?” Without hesitation, the presenter answered the question by  suggesting their solution lacked support for it. While I’m not trying to be unnecessarily abrasive, the point is that you should have the capability to be able to look into any format of data that is flowing into, or out of, your system when the necessity arises. This means that you should be able to inspect not only XML, SOAP, JSON, and other modern format messages. A solution should be able to retrofit your existing legacy systems to provide the same level of support. Message formats such as COBOL (oh yes, we will be doing a Y10K on this all-right), ASCII, Binary, EBCDIC, and other unstructured data streams that are of equal importance. Sprinkle in the industry format messages such as SWIFT, NACHA, HIPAA, HL7, EDI, ACORD, EDIFACT, FIX, FpML to make the scenario interesting. But don’t forget our good old messages that can be sent in conventional ways such as MS Word, MS Excel, PDF, PostScript and good old HTML, etc. You need a solution that can look into any of these data types and help you protect the data in those messages seamlessly.

4. Have an option to sense not only the sensitive nature of the message, but who is requesting it and on what context and from where
This is where we started our discussion. Essentially, you should be able to not only identify data that is sensitive,  but take necessary actions based on the context. Intention, or heuristics, are a lot more important than just sensing something that is going out, or in. So this essentially means you should be able to sense who is accessing what, when, from where, and more importantly from what device. Once you identify that, you should be able to able to determine how you may want to protect that data. For example, if a person is accessing specific data from a laptop from within the corporate network, you can let the data go with the transport security, assuming he has enough rights to access that data. But if the same person is trying to access the same data using a mobile device, you can tokenize the data and send only the token to the mobile device. (This allows you to solve the problem where location is unknown as well. ) All conditions being the same, the tokenization will occur based on a policy that senses that the request came from a mobile device.

5. Have an option to dynamically tokenize, encrypt, format preserve the encryption based on the need
This will allow you to be flexible to encrypt certain messages/ fields, tokenize certain messages/ fields or employ FPE on certain messages. While you are at it, don’t forget to read my blog on why Intel’s implementation of the FPE variation is one of strongest in the industry here.

6. Support the strongest possible algorithms to encrypt, storage, and use the most random possible random number for tokenization
Not only should you verify the solution has strong encryption algorithm options available out of the box (such as AES-256, SHA 256, etc.), but you should also ensure that the solutions delivers cutting edge security options when they become available – including support for the latest security updates.

7. Protect the encryption keys with your life. There is no point in encrypting the data, yet giving away the “Keys to the Kingdom” easily
Now this is the most important point of all. If there is one thing you take away from this article let this be it: When you are looking at solutions, make sure that not only that a solution is strong on all of the above points, but most importantly, ensure that you  protect the proverbial keys with your life. This means the key storage should be encrypted, and  should be capable of having: an SOD (separation of duties), key encrypting keys, strong key management options, key rotation, re-key options when the keys need to be rotated/expired or lost, key protection, key lifetime management, key expiration notifications, etc. In addition, you also need to explore if there is an option to integrate with your existing key manager in house such as RSA DPM (the last thing you need is to disrupt the existing infrastructure by introducing a newer technology).

8. Encrypt the message while preserving the format so it won’t break the backend systems
This is really important if you want to do the tokenization or encryption on the fly without the backend or connected client applications knowing about it. When you encrypt the data and  preserve its format, it will not only look and feel the same as the original data, but the receiving party won’t be able to tell the difference.

If you are wondering Intel comes into the picture in this area, we address of all of the discussion points mentioned in #1 to #8, with our Intel Cloud data privacy solution (a.k.a. Intel ETB – Expressway Token Broker) and a lot more. Every single standard that is mentioned in here  is supported, and we are working on adding the newer, better standards as they come along.

Check out information about our tokenization and cloud data privacy solutions here.

Intel Cloud Data Privacy/ Tokenization Solutions

Intel Cloud/ API resource center

I also encourage you to download the Intel Expressway Tokenization Broker Data Sheet:

 

Andy Thurai — Chief Architect & Group CTO, Application Security and Identity Products, Intel

Andy Thurai is Chief Architect and Group CTO of Application Security and Identity Products with Intel, where he is responsible for architecting SOA, Cloud, Mobile, Big Data, Governance, Security, and Identity solutions for their major corporate customers. In his role, he is responsible for helping Intel/McAfee field sales, technical teams and customer executives. Prior to this role, he has held technology architecture leadership and executive positions with L-1 Identity Solutions, IBM (Datapower), BMC, CSC, and Nortel. His interests and expertise include Cloud, SOA, identity management, security, governance, and SaaS. He holds a degree in Electrical and Electronics engineering and has over 25+ years of IT experience.

He blogs regularly at www.thurai.net/securityblog on Security, SOA, Identity, Governance and Cloud topics. You can also find him on LinkedIn at http://www.linkedin.com/in/andythurai

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Andy Thurai

Andy Thurai is Program Director for API, IoT and Connected Cloud with IBM, where he is responsible for solutionizing, strategizing, evangelizing, and providing thought leadership for those technologies. Prior to this role, he has held technology, architecture leadership and executive positions with Intel, Nortel, BMC, CSC, and L-1 Identity Solutions. You can find more of his thoughts at www.thurai.net/blog or follow him on Twitter @AndyThurai.

@ThingsExpo Stories
DX World EXPO, LLC., a Lighthouse Point, Florida-based startup trade show producer and the creator of "DXWorldEXPO® - Digital Transformation Conference & Expo" has announced its executive management team. The team is headed by Levent Selamoglu, who has been named CEO. "Now is the time for a truly global DX event, to bring together the leading minds from the technology world in a conversation about Digital Transformation," he said in making the announcement.
Everything run by electricity will eventually be connected to the Internet. Get ahead of the Internet of Things revolution and join Akvelon expert and IoT industry leader, Sergey Grebnov, in his session at @ThingsExpo, for an educational dive into the world of managing your home, workplace and all the devices they contain with the power of machine-based AI and intelligent Bot services for a completely streamlined experience.
In the enterprise today, connected IoT devices are everywhere – both inside and outside corporate environments. The need to identify, manage, control and secure a quickly growing web of connections and outside devices is making the already challenging task of security even more important, and onerous. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Rich Boyer, CISO and Chief Architect for Security at NTT i3, discussed new ways of thinking and the approaches needed to address the emerging challenges of security i...
While the focus and objectives of IoT initiatives are many and diverse, they all share a few common attributes, and one of those is the network. Commonly, that network includes the Internet, over which there isn't any real control for performance and availability. Or is there? The current state of the art for Big Data analytics, as applied to network telemetry, offers new opportunities for improving and assuring operational integrity. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Jim Frey, Vice President of S...
"DX encompasses the continuing technology revolution, and is addressing society's most important issues throughout the entire $78 trillion 21st-century global economy," said Roger Strukhoff, Conference Chair. "DX World Expo has organized these issues along 10 tracks with more than 150 of the world's top speakers coming to Istanbul to help change the world."
"We provide IoT solutions. We provide the most compatible solutions for many applications. Our solutions are industry agnostic and also protocol agnostic," explained Richard Han, Head of Sales and Marketing and Engineering at Systena America, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
"We are focused on SAP running in the clouds, to make this super easy because we believe in the tremendous value of those powerful worlds - SAP and the cloud," explained Frank Stienhans, CTO of Ocean9, Inc., in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
"We've been engaging with a lot of customers including Panasonic, we've been involved with Cisco and now we're working with the U.S. government - the Department of Homeland Security," explained Peter Jung, Chief Product Officer at Pulzze Systems, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at @ThingsExpo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
The financial services market is one of the most data-driven industries in the world, yet it’s bogged down by legacy CPU technologies that simply can’t keep up with the task of querying and visualizing billions of records. In his session at 20th Cloud Expo, Karthik Lalithraj, a Principal Solutions Architect at Kinetica, discussed how the advent of advanced in-database analytics on the GPU makes it possible to run sophisticated data science workloads on the same database that is housing the rich...
IoT is at the core or many Digital Transformation initiatives with the goal of re-inventing a company's business model. We all agree that collecting relevant IoT data will result in massive amounts of data needing to be stored. However, with the rapid development of IoT devices and ongoing business model transformation, we are not able to predict the volume and growth of IoT data. And with the lack of IoT history, traditional methods of IT and infrastructure planning based on the past do not app...
With tough new regulations coming to Europe on data privacy in May 2018, Calligo will explain why in reality the effect is global and transforms how you consider critical data. EU GDPR fundamentally rewrites the rules for cloud, Big Data and IoT. In his session at 21st Cloud Expo, Adam Ryan, Vice President and General Manager EMEA at Calligo, will examine the regulations and provide insight on how it affects technology, challenges the established rules and will usher in new levels of diligence...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place October 31 - November 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 21st Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devic...
What sort of WebRTC based applications can we expect to see over the next year and beyond? One way to predict development trends is to see what sorts of applications startups are building. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Arin Sime, founder of WebRTC.ventures, discussed the current and likely future trends in WebRTC application development based on real requests for custom applications from real customers, as well as other public sources of information.
"The Striim platform is a full end-to-end streaming integration and analytics platform that is middleware that covers a lot of different use cases," explained Steve Wilkes, Founder and CTO at Striim, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Calligo, an innovative cloud service provider offering mid-sized companies the highest levels of data privacy and security, has been named "Bronze Sponsor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo ®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Calligo offers unparalleled application performance guarantees, commercial flexibility and a personalised support service from its globally located cloud plat...
SYS-CON Events announced today that Massive Networks will exhibit at SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo®, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Massive Networks mission is simple. To help your business operate seamlessly with fast, reliable, and secure internet and network solutions. Improve your customer's experience with outstanding connections to your cloud.
SYS-CON Events announced today that DXWorldExpo has been named “Global Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation is the key issue driving the global enterprise IT business. Digital Transformation is most prominent among Global 2000 enterprises and government institutions.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Datera, that offers a radically new data management architecture, has been named "Exhibitor" of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo ®, which will take place on Oct 31 - Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Datera is transforming the traditional datacenter model through modern cloud simplicity. The technology industry is at another major inflection point. The rise of mobile, the Internet of Things, data storage and Big...
"MobiDev is a Ukraine-based software development company. We do mobile development, and we're specialists in that. But we do full stack software development for entrepreneurs, for emerging companies, and for enterprise ventures," explained Alan Winters, U.S. Head of Business Development at MobiDev, in this SYS-CON.tv interview at 20th Cloud Expo, held June 6-8, 2017, at the Javits Center in New York City, NY.
SYS-CON Events announced today that DXWorldExpo has been named “Global Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 21st International Cloud Expo, which will take place on Oct 31 – Nov 2, 2017, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Digital Transformation is the key issue driving the global enterprise IT business. Digital Transformation is most prominent among Global 2000 enterprises and government institutions.