Welcome!

IBM Cloud Authors: Sematext Blog, Liz McMillan, Pat Romanski, Kevin Jackson, Fouad Khalil

Blog Feed Post

First of Five Enterprise Lessons Learned in the AWS Virtual Private Cloud

Public Cloud is cool and it's the only kind of Cloud my company works with. Yet enterprise financial services firms and others require controlled access. And in 2013 AWS not only won the contract to build an actual Private Cloud for the CIA (any further legal maneuvers from IBM notwithstanding), but AWS also seems to have conceded that Virtual Private Cloud is a first class AWS Cloud offering. It's not that VPC was ignored, it's just than in 2011 and most of 2012 new capabilities of the Oracle Relational Database Service (RDS) were available first in EC2, then VPC. The customers we work with require AWS VPC. In this post and four more to follow, I'm taking note of some of the lessons learned working with VPC in the hope that I may entertain if not educate.

Some Opening Remarks on Enterprise and VPC
Networking is hard. And to define a VPC you need to have more than a passing knowledge of networks. I'm not an expert, however I've spent a lot of time reading about and configuring VPCs and I'm still learning.

Defining the VPC
When you define a VPC you get one chance to define the CIDR Block, or IP space. They're free, and it's very likely you will provision or at least define many VPCs if you work in the Enterprise Cloud space.  Although the VPC is free, if you need to change it, the only way to do so is to delete it and recreate it, or create a new VPC with the CIDR range you need, and then migrate your instances and certain other stuff to the new VPC. It's a lot of work and if you're working in a corporate environment leery of automation, people will really scream and moan when they find out stuff needs to change. Then they get angry and show up with torches and pitchforks like the angry villagers in a Frankenstein movie.

On the one hand you can say: "Welcome to the Cloud, my friends, wait until we have a real problem before you set this place on fire or poke each other with those sharp sticks, " but enterprise journey to Cloud offers many opportunities to tease people and for now it's easier for you to set aside this sort of early delectable brush with enterprise IT culture for a later point in time. At this stage you're the one waiting because you have no VPC and you can't build much until you get it up and running.

First Lesson(s) Learned (they were more or less clustered together, but I'll count them as One)
Choose a CIDR Block that is significantly larger than your network team will offer you. Choose is a loaded word in the enterprise. Likely somebody else will choose for you, or will see your request and decide that there's a better way. Your request for a /21 network will likely be met with disbelief and in the name of saving string somebody will quickly alter the request to a mostly useful /24.

Lots of People in the Enterprise Are Eager to Selectively Review and Even Alter Your Solution Design
At first glance people not familiar with AWS will simply try to determine how many serves a given business segment or application will deploy. Even though the IP addresses are free and there are a lot of them, datacenter network teams try to avoid issues like address ranges that overlap with those of business partners, and a dark day when perhaps internal IP addresses will be scarce.

Explain to them that you need a lot more IP space that at first glance may be required. Each VPC availability zone requires a separate subnet in order for instances or services like RDS to be able to run in those subnets. RDS for example requires a group of subnets, and requires more than just one. If you only have a single subnet, you won't be able to run RDS.

ELB in a VPC Requires Public IP Subnets
In 2012 for most of the year the AWS Elastic Load Balancer (ELB) required a minimum sized subnet in each availability zone where it would "run." The reason is that ELB, even though its a service, actually runs instances. Those instances require ip addresses in each public subnet of each availability zone in a VPC. In 2012 the minimum for a public facing ELB was something like 104 ip addresses per public subnet per availability zone. So for me that meant three availability zones at a minimum of 104 ip addresses per subnet. A kind soul who had looked over my solution wisely concluded that based on the number of expected instances, I only needed around 250 ip addresses in the CIDR range. Yet even after defining the public subnets, I still needed subnets for the remainder. In any event, we had to ask for a new VPC and this and that and it was a really big headache. So now you know. Today the public ELB doesn't require as many IP addresses. However keep in mind that the word Elastic, in the acronym ELB implies expanding and contracting. And also, if you're using ELB the only other instance type I would conceivably place in the public subnet is a NAT instance. Everything else can be placed in private subnets. And nothing other than the NAT instances should be competing with the ELB for ip addresses in any of the public subnets.

[Stay tuned for Second Lesson Learned to be published later this week...]

Read the original blog entry...

More Stories By Brian McCallion

Brian McCallion Bronze Drum works with executives to develop Cloud Strategy, Big Data proof-of-concepts, and trains enterprise teams to rethink process and operations. Focus areas include: Enterprise Cloud Strategy and Project Management Cloud Data Governance and Compliance Infrastructure Automation

@ThingsExpo Stories
Smart Cities are here to stay, but for their promise to be delivered, the data they produce must not be put in new siloes. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Mathias Herberts, Co-founder and CTO of Cityzen Data, will deep dive into best practices that will ensure a successful smart city journey.
SYS-CON Events announced today that 910Telecom will exhibit at the 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Housed in the classic Denver Gas & Electric Building, 910 15th St., 910Telecom is a carrier-neutral telecom hotel located in the heart of Denver. Adjacent to CenturyLink, AT&T, and Denver Main, 910Telecom offers connectivity to all major carriers, Internet service providers, Internet backbones and ...
Pulzze Systems was happy to participate in such a premier event and thankful to be receiving the winning investment and global network support from G-Startup Worldwide. It is an exciting time for Pulzze to showcase the effectiveness of innovative technologies and enable them to make the world smarter and better. The reputable contest is held to identify promising startups around the globe that are assured to change the world through their innovative products and disruptive technologies. There w...
Internet of @ThingsExpo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The Internet of Things (IoT) is the most profound change in personal and enterprise IT since the creation of the Worldwide Web more than 20 years ago. All major researchers estimate there will be tens of billions devices - comp...
DevOps at Cloud Expo, taking place Nov 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, is co-located with 19th Cloud Expo and will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long dev...
Data is the fuel that drives the machine learning algorithmic engines and ultimately provides the business value. In his session at Cloud Expo, Ed Featherston, a director and senior enterprise architect at Collaborative Consulting, will discuss the key considerations around quality, volume, timeliness, and pedigree that must be dealt with in order to properly fuel that engine.
19th Cloud Expo, taking place November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, will feature technical sessions from a rock star conference faculty and the leading industry players in the world. Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday's debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterpri...
There is growing need for data-driven applications and the need for digital platforms to build these apps. In his session at 19th Cloud Expo, Muddu Sudhakar, VP and GM of Security & IoT at Splunk, will cover different PaaS solutions and Big Data platforms that are available to build applications. In addition, AI and machine learning are creating new requirements that developers need in the building of next-gen apps. The next-generation digital platforms have some of the past platform needs a...
SYS-CON Events announced today Telecom Reseller has been named “Media Sponsor” of SYS-CON's 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Telecom Reseller reports on Unified Communications, UCaaS, BPaaS for enterprise and SMBs. They report extensively on both customer premises based solutions such as IP-PBX as well as cloud based and hosted platforms.
The 19th International Cloud Expo has announced that its Call for Papers is open. Cloud Expo, to be held November 1-3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA, brings together Cloud Computing, Big Data, Internet of Things, DevOps, Digital Transformation, Microservices and WebRTC to one location. With cloud computing driving a higher percentage of enterprise IT budgets every year, it becomes increasingly important to plant your flag in this fast-expanding business opportuni...
With so much going on in this space you could be forgiven for thinking you were always working with yesterday’s technologies. So much change, so quickly. What do you do if you have to build a solution from the ground up that is expected to live in the field for at least 5-10 years? This is the challenge we faced when we looked to refresh our existing 10-year-old custom hardware stack to measure the fullness of trash cans and compactors.
The emerging Internet of Everything creates tremendous new opportunities for customer engagement and business model innovation. However, enterprises must overcome a number of critical challenges to bring these new solutions to market. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Michael Martin, CTO/CIO at nfrastructure, outlined these key challenges and recommended approaches for overcoming them to achieve speed and agility in the design, development and implementation of Internet of Everything solutions wi...
Cloud computing is being adopted in one form or another by 94% of enterprises today. Tens of billions of new devices are being connected to The Internet of Things. And Big Data is driving this bus. An exponential increase is expected in the amount of information being processed, managed, analyzed, and acted upon by enterprise IT. This amazing is not part of some distant future - it is happening today. One report shows a 650% increase in enterprise data by 2020. Other estimates are even higher....
Today we can collect lots and lots of performance data. We build beautiful dashboards and even have fancy query languages to access and transform the data. Still performance data is a secret language only a couple of people understand. The more business becomes digital the more stakeholders are interested in this data including how it relates to business. Some of these people have never used a monitoring tool before. They have a question on their mind like “How is my application doing” but no id...
Identity is in everything and customers are looking to their providers to ensure the security of their identities, transactions and data. With the increased reliance on cloud-based services, service providers must build security and trust into their offerings, adding value to customers and improving the user experience. Making identity, security and privacy easy for customers provides a unique advantage over the competition.
I wanted to gather all of my Internet of Things (IOT) blogs into a single blog (that I could later use with my University of San Francisco (USF) Big Data “MBA” course). However as I started to pull these blogs together, I realized that my IOT discussion lacked a vision; it lacked an end point towards which an organization could drive their IOT envisioning, proof of value, app dev, data engineering and data science efforts. And I think that the IOT end point is really quite simple…
Personalization has long been the holy grail of marketing. Simply stated, communicate the most relevant offer to the right person and you will increase sales. To achieve this, you must understand the individual. Consequently, digital marketers developed many ways to gather and leverage customer information to deliver targeted experiences. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Lou Casal, Founder and Principal Consultant at Practicala, discussed how the Internet of Things (IoT) has accelerated our abil...
Is the ongoing quest for agility in the data center forcing you to evaluate how to be a part of infrastructure automation efforts? As organizations evolve toward bimodal IT operations, they are embracing new service delivery models and leveraging virtualization to increase infrastructure agility. Therefore, the network must evolve in parallel to become equally agile. Read this essential piece of Gartner research for recommendations on achieving greater agility.
SYS-CON Events announced today that Venafi, the Immune System for the Internet™ and the leading provider of Next Generation Trust Protection, will exhibit at @DevOpsSummit at 19th International Cloud Expo, which will take place on November 1–3, 2016, at the Santa Clara Convention Center in Santa Clara, CA. Venafi is the Immune System for the Internet™ that protects the foundation of all cybersecurity – cryptographic keys and digital certificates – so they can’t be misused by bad guys in attacks...
For basic one-to-one voice or video calling solutions, WebRTC has proven to be a very powerful technology. Although WebRTC’s core functionality is to provide secure, real-time p2p media streaming, leveraging native platform features and server-side components brings up new communication capabilities for web and native mobile applications, allowing for advanced multi-user use cases such as video broadcasting, conferencing, and media recording.